Tatsat Chronicle Magazine

India Scores Three Wins At The G20 Summit, But It Was All About One Man

The biggest win for India was that it managed to put out a joint statement in the form of the Leaders’ Declaration, which had proved to be elusive through the year at various working group meetings and side track talks. But the joint statement has no mention of Russia in the context of the Russia-Ukraine war, which has been the biggest sticking point since the Bali outcome document last year
September 11, 2023
G20 Summit
Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the launch of Global Biofuels Alliance with world leaders during G20 Summit. Photo: PIB

After much back-and-forth, the G20 Summit under India’s presidency was finally able to hammer out the text and content of the joint statement, known as the G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration. It’s a significant win for Indian diplomacy, especially since the previous leaders’ summit in Bali under the presidency of Indonesia, failed to produce the joint statement document due to differences in perception and use of language regarding the Russia-Ukraine war in which the European Union members and the US were on one side and the Russia-China axis on the other. In the end, the Bali Summit settled for an outcome document.

The significance of the New Delhi declaration at the Leaders’ Summit is important for India, given that the various important working group and side track meetings that were held since taking over the G20 presidency in November 2022 failed to produce a single joint statement due to the differences among the G20 members about the biggest war ongoing in continental Europe since World War II. It has been reported that India along with Indonesia, Brazil, and South Africa worked behind the scenes to resolve the difference between the Western bloc and the Russia-China axis over the language used to describe Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and bring it to more acceptable semantics. It’s noteworthy that three of the four countries—India, Brazil, and South Africa—involved in the delicate negotiations are part of the BRICS bloc.

The chief coordinator of India’s G20 presidency, Harsh Vardhan Shringla, said, “It was momentous because, in a normal multilateral process, you have to go to the end of any Summit to attain a consensus on an outcome document...The fact that we have come up with the consensus document with the support of our G20 partners on the first day of our presidency, is a tremendously positive news.”

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Vivek Mukherji

He is the Executive Editor of Tatsat Chronicle and has more than 22 years of experience during which he held several senior editorial positions in print publications, news television and digital media platforms. The former Managing Editor of Sports Illustrated has launched two editions of one India’s largest circulating English newspapers and five magazines. He has written and reported on wide-ranging subjects from crime to politics, from technology to sports, from bureaucracy and governance to environmental issues.